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Savannah riverfront

9th Savannah Symposium: The Architecture of Trade

The biennial Savannah Symposium series brings together scholars and professionals from a diverse range of fields to address an architectural or urban topic that is relevant to Savannah and other parts of the world, as well as to all periods in history. The goal is to offer speakers and attendees the opportunity to interact with others who share an interest in the topic at hand, but who may be from a different discipline or field.

This year, the Savannah Symposium investigates the Architecture of Trade and features more than 50 papers from around the world. Nasser Rabbat, Ph.D., director of the Aga Khan Program in Islamic Architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Joyce Appleby, Ph.D., professor emerita of history at the University of California, Los Angeles, will deliver keynote presentations.

City cultures, landscapes and architectures are inextricable from the force of trade, economics and the pursuit of goods throughout the long history of human habitation. Such cities as Amsterdam, Hong Kong, Istanbul, London, Mumbai and thousands of others along rivers, lakes and oceans have shaped and been shaped by global trade for centuries, if not millennia. While buildings have their own economies, such as the cost of labor, financing and material resources, they also tell a compelling story of how human beings interact through exchange across time and around the world.

The city of Savannah, beyond its famous squares, is home to the fourth-largest port in the U.S. Global trade is a force that has influenced Savannah's architecture and economy for nearly 300 years.

About the Savannah Symposium

Begun in 1999, the past eight symposia in the series have attracted 350 speakers from 28 countries across six continents. Previous symposia have addressed themes of the city square, architectural authenticity, commemoration, regionalism, building in the public realm, world heritage and national registers, spirituality, and modernity across time and space.

Three prior symposia resulted in the following publications:

  • David Gobel and Daves Rossell, eds. Commemoration in America: Essays on Monuments, Memorialization, and Memory. University of Virginia Press, 2013.
  • Thomas Gensheimer and Celeste Guichard, eds. World Heritage and National Registers: Stewardship in Perspective. Transaction Publishers, 2014.
  • Patrick Haughey, ed. Modernities Across Time and Space: Architecture and History in Context. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, forthcoming.

View details about past symposia

9th Savannah Symposium co-directors

  • Patrick Haughey
  • Robin B. Williams

The 9th Savannah Symposium is scheduled to take place Thursday, Feb. 5 through Saturday, Feb. 7. For more information about the individual presentations listed below, view the complete list of presenters and abstracts.

Thursday, Feb. 5

1-6 p.m.
On-site symposium registration
SCAD Museum of Art, second floor

1:30-4:15 p.m.
Savannah Waterfront Walking Tour
Tour leader: Robin B. Williams, Savannah College of Art and Design
(Meet in the SCAD Museum of Art lobby)

5-6 p.m.
Opening reception
SCAD Museum of Art courtyard

6 p.m.
Opening keynote: "Cities of Incense and Myrrh"
SCAD Museum of Art theater
Nasser Rabbat, director, Aga Khan Program in Islamic Architecture, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Friday, Feb. 6

8 a.m.
On-site symposium registration
SCAD Museum of Art, second floor

8-8:30 a.m.
Continental breakfast
SCAD Museum of Art, second floor

8:30-10:15 a.m.
Session 1

Sacred Mercantilism
Moderator: Karl Schuler, professor of architectural history, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 213

  • "Monsoon Mosques: Architecture, Epigraphy, Context" — Speaker: Sebastian R. Prange, Department of History, University of British Columbia
  • "Divinely Invented for the Success of His People: Communal Living, Trade Regulation, and the Religious Community of Salem, North Carolina" — Speaker: Christopher E. Hendricks, professor of history, Armstrong State University
  • "Present Experience and Place on the Clover Tract: Understanding Ordinary Individual History" — Speaker: Bryan Orthel, assistant professor, College of Human Ecology, Kansas State University

The Urbanism of Revitalized Cities
Moderator: Luciana Spracher, director, City of Savannah Research Library and Municipal Archives
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 214

  • "Imagining the Future of Venice" — Speaker: Sarah Brummett, Master of Architecture candidate, University of Virginia
  • "Must Tourism Remake the City in its Own Image? Avoiding the Creation of a City as Museum in Havana" — Speaker: Emily Dallmeyer, Master of Architecture candidate, University of North Carolina, Charlotte
  • "Archipelago Urbanism: O.M. Ungers, Rem Koolhaas and designs for the post-industrial shrinking city" — Speaker: Ole Fischer, assistant professor of the History and Theory of Architecture, School of Architecture, University of Utah
  • "Socioeconomic Implications of Architectural Improvement: Approaches to Poverty and Urban Revitalization in Over-the-Rhine" — Speaker: Katherine Williams, Master of Arts candidate, departments of architectural history and historic preservation, Savannah College of Art and Design

10:15-10:30 a.m.
Coffee break
SCAD Museum of Art, second floor

10:30 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.
Session 2

Architecture and Corporate Promotion in the United States
Moderator: Connie Pinkerton, professor of historic preservation, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 213

  • "Littered with Lettering: Commercial Signage, Modern Architecture and the Skyline in the United States" — Speaker: Craig Lee, Ph.D. candidate, department of art history, University of Delaware
  • "A Landscape of Letters: How the Business Sign has helped define Main Street and the Strip for Over 200 Years" — Speaker: Martin Treu, creative director, Treu Design, and independent scholar, Chicago
  • "American Crossroads: General Motor’s Mid-Century Campaign to Link Urban Freeways and Economic Prosperity in the Minds of Millions" — Speaker: Nathaniel Walker, assistant professor of architectural history, College of Charleston, South Carolina
  • "Showroom Architecture: The 1960s Transition from Mail Order Catalogs to Catalog Showrooms" — Speaker: Christina Gray, Ph.D. candidate, department of architecture and urban design, University of California, Los Angeles

The Mediterranean Trading World
Moderator: David Gobel, professor of architectural history, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 214

  • "Merchants to the Gods" — Speaker: Sam Callahan, master’s candidate, architecture, University of Oklahoma
  • "Architectural Atavism: The Mercato Nuovo in Florence (1546-51)" — Speaker: Lauren Jacobi, assistant professor, history, Theory and Criticism of Architecture and Art, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • "The Lazarettos of Ancona and Split on Two Coasts of the Adriatic: Historical and Typological Comparison" — Speaker: Darka Bilić, research associate, Institute of Art History, Centre Cvito Fisković, Split, Croatia

Forces Framing Cultural Identity in the 20th Century
Moderator: Scott Budzynski, professor of art history, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 215

  • "Race, Caste and Architecture in New Orleans" — Speaker: Jacqueline Taylor, visiting lecturer, School of Architecture, Tulane University and Ph.D. candidate, History of Art and Architecture, University of Virginia
  • "Trade, Urbanization, Developing Project and Cooperation: Palestine and the Middle East from an American Jewish Perspective" — Speaker: Zohar Segev, senior lecturer, Department of Jewish History, University of Haifa
  • "Opportunistic Housing: A Prototype of Socio-Economic Places within Tehran" — Speaker: Sara Khorshidifard, professor of architecture, Bowling Green University
  • "The Power of the Mediated Environment and the Conception of the Image in Built Form" — Speaker: Leigh Hilton, architect and Master of Architectural History candidate, University of Virginia

12:15-2 p.m.
Lunch break

12:30-1:45 p.m.
Lunchtime walking tour
Meet in the SCAD Museum of Art lobby (tickets available at the registration table)

2-4:30 p.m.
Session 3

Costs and Conflicts of Industrial Capitalism
Moderator: Scott Singeisen, professor of architecture, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 213

  • "Rebuilding the Calcutta Waterfront in the Age of Steam (1860-1910): Rethinking Class Conflict and Modernization in the Age of the Bhadralok" — Speaker: Aniruddha Bose, assistant professor of history, St. Francis University
  • "The Development of Precarious Work in Egypt and India under British Imperialism" — Speaker: Peter Brent, Ph.D. candidate, department of economics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst; and Marie Curie Fellow, Department of Economics, University of Oxford
  • "Carrying Away a Forest: Georgia’s Coastal Ports and Industrial Towns, 1870-1920" — Speaker: Mark Wetherington, director, Filson Society, and assistant professor of history, University of Louisville, Kentucky
  • "Baťa’s corporate architecture and urbanism" — Speaker: Markéta Březovská, research and teaching assistant, international urban design, faculty of architecture, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Architecture of Commodities, Technology and Trade
Moderator: Jeffrey Hamilton, professor of art history, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 214

  • "Architect Unknown: The Building of Granaries and the Tuning of Spirited Matter" — Speaker: Katie Jakobiec, Ph.D. candidate, history of art, University of Toronto
  • "The Storage Threshold in early Eighteenth-Century Merchant Houses in Montreal" — Speaker: Pierre Latouche, professor, Département d'histoire de l'art, Université du Québec à Montréal
  • "The Boston Merchants Exchange and Savannah Custom House: A peculiar construction of galvanized iron, apparently durable and well adapted to a southern climate" — Speaker: Dennis DeWitt, vice chairman, Metropolitan Waterworks Museum, Boston, Massachusetts

Dinner on your own

Saturday, Feb. 7

8 a.m.
On-site symposium registration
SCAD Museum of Art lobby

8-8:30 a.m.
Continental breakfast
SCAD Museum of Art, second floor

8:30-10:15 a.m.
Session 4

Architecture and Trade in the Caribbean Region
Moderator: Chad Keller, professor of historic preservation, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 213

  • "Creating Urban Landscapes in Bridgetown and Port Royal, 1627-1712" — Speaker: Mary Draper, Ph.D. candidate, department of history, University of Virginia
  • "Landscapes of Exchange: Merchant Houses, Wharves, and Commercial Streets in the Greater Caribbean" — Speaker: Louis P. Nelson, associate professor of architectural history, University of Virginia
  • "Latin American, Rather than Norte Americano: Accommodations and Amenities in the Panama Canal Zone" — Speaker: Pollyanna Rhee, Ph.D. candidate, history and theory of architecture, Columbia University
  • "Simon Stevin's Theorization of a Post-Humanist Urban Architecture and the Dutch Port Town Phenomenon" — Speaker: Sim Hinman Wan, Ph.D. candidate, history of architecture, design and urbanism, University of Illinois, Chicago, and lecturer, School of the Art Institute of Chicago

Architectures of Consumerism
Moderator: Julie Rogers Varland, professor of architecture, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 214

  • "Revaluing the Land: Broadacre City and Frank Lloyd Wright’s Theory of Capital" — Speaker: James Watson, Ph.D. fellow in architecture, University of Pennsylvania
  • "Eating Dolly Parton: Her Dixie Stampede and the Trade of American Identities" — Speaker: Whitten Overby, Ph.D. candidate, history of architecture and urbanism, Cornell University
  • "Architectures of Micro-Commerce: Geography, Type and Use" — Speaker: Howard Davis, professor of architecture, University of Oregon
  • "The Form and the Social Life: Trade, architecture, technology, and socio-cultural practices" — Speaker: Arief Setiawan, lecturer, department of architecture, Southern Polytechnic State University

10:15-10:30 a.m.
Coffee break
SCAD Museum of Art, second floor

10:30 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.
Session 5

Trade Architecture in Africa and the Indian Ocean
Moderator: Rihab Bagnole, professor of art history, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 213

  • "House as Marketplace: Swahili merchant houses in the later Middle Ages and their impact on the East African urban environment" — Speaker: Thomas Gensheimer, professor, department of architectural history, Savannah College of Art and Design
  • "Spices, Spies, Physics and Finance: Port Towns of Early Global Trade" — Speaker: Robert Cowherd, associate professor of architecture, Wentworth Institute of Technology and 2014 Fulbright Scholar
  • "Global Networks in the Textile Trade in Colonial East African Port Cities" — Speaker: MacKenzie Moon Ryan, assistant professor of art history, Rollins College, Florida
  • "Dejima: Island of information flow and anti-globalism" — Speaker: Aki Ishida, assistant professor, School of Architecture and Design, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Architecture, Urbanism and Civic Identity
Moderator: Jeffrey Eley, chair of historic preservation, SCAD
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 214

  • "The Capitalist Carpenter: William George and the Re-invention of Richmond, Virginia" — Speaker: Elizabeth Cook, Ph.D. candidate, department of history, College of William and Mary, Virginia
  • "Building Philadelphia’s Marble Elephant: The Economics and Politics of Creating an Iconic City Hall for the Workshop of the World" — Speaker: Glen Umberger, M.F.A. candidate, department of architectural history, Savannah College of Art and Design
  • "Boosters and Architects: Situating the Great Lakes Exposition within Economic and Design Networks of the 1930s" — Speaker: Steven Rugare, assistant professor, College of Architecture and Environmental Design, Kent State University, Ohio
  • "An Architect in the service of his City: Moneo in Madrid, 1974-2014" — Speaker: Valeria Mazarakis, architect and independent scholar, New York City

The Transformation of Port Architectures
Moderator: Ellen Harris, director of urban planning and historic preservation, Chatham County-Savannah Metropolitan Planning Commission
SCAD Museum of Art, Room 215

  • "Late Medieval Architecture of Maritime Trade: The Llotjas of Parma and Valencia" — Speaker: Doron Bauer, assistant professor of medieval and Islamic art, Florida State University
  • "Trading goods, building identities: the marketplace at Diamantina, Minas Gerais, Brasil" — Speaker: James Goodwin, professor of history and director of technological and professional education at the Technological Education Federal Center of Minas Gerais – CEFET-MG, Brazil
  • "Changing Port Cities: Sites of Exchange and Flows of Freight" — Speaker: Matthew Heins, lecturer, Northeastern University, Massachusetts
  • "Merchants of Ghana: Palaces to Rival the British" — Speaker: Courtnay Micots, Mellon Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

12:15-2 p.m.
Lunch break

12:45-1:45 p.m.
Perspectives on Academia — Graduate Student Roundtable
Hosted by the James Oglethorpe Student Chapter of the Society of Architectural Historians
SCAD Museum of Art theater

2 p.m.
Closing keynote: "How Capitalism Shaped the Built Environment"
SCAD Museum of Art theater
Joyce Appleby, professor emerita of history, University of California, Los Angeles

Savannah’s Chinese cobblestone

By Robin B. Williams

Chinese cobblestone, architectural history

Courtesy of City of Savannah, Research Library & Municipal Archives.

Among the City of Savannah’s proud treasures periodically displayed in the city council chamber in City Hall is a piece of pavement — a cobblestone etched with Chinese characters. The unlikely artifact speaks to the rich and complex connections between trade and the built environment. While its journey from being a tombstone in 18th-century China to a lowly piece of pavement in mid-19th-century Savannah, ultimately becoming an object of reverence under glass in the 21st century may be unique, it aptly stands for the kind of global trade that has directly shaped cities throughout history and around the world.

Carved into the stone are two sets of Chinese characters. The smaller characters to the right tell us that it was carved in the third year of the reign of Emperor Jiaqing of the Qing dynasty (1796-1820) — hence 1798. The three larger characters to the left identify a name: Zhang Lin’an. The combination of a name and a date indicates that this stone was used as a tombstone.

Loading Cotton at the Wharf, Harper's 1888At some point during the first half of the 19th century, the tombstone lost its value and became a piece of rubble placed in a ship’s hold as ballast, weight in the bottom of a ship to improve its stability. Using rock for ship’s ballast had been a common practice for centuries. At the time, ships arrived in Savannah comparatively empty prior to being loaded with heavy bales of cotton for export. To make more room for outgoing cargo, the ballast stones would be deposited on the waterfront, a practice common in American port cities.

Used in older American cities by the time of the American Revolution, these naturally rounded and irregular cobblestones proved to be the first successful permanent pavement widely utilized in Savannah. Beginning by 1843, the city enthusiastically embraced the material, even though it was viewed poorly by at least one mid-19th-century pavement expert.

Cobblestones at Drayton Ramp, Savannah, GeorgiaWilliam Gillespie, a professor of civil engineering at Union College in Schenectady, New York, criticized this type of pavement in his 1847 manual as a “common but very inferior pavement, which disgraces the streets of nearly all our cities.” The city of Savannah enjoyed a steady supply of the stones from discarded ballast emptied onto the city’s wharfs by incoming ships. Until 1880, the city received between 1,700 and 3,250 tons of this material each year, which cost only a “wharfage” fee since the wharfs were privately owned.

Between 1855 and 1858, the ramps leading down the bluff from Bay Street to River Street were paved with cobblestones, while the adjacent retaining walls were exquisitely constructed by Irish stone mason Michael Cash with recycled pieces of masonry, documented by small relief plaques.

Irish stone mason Michael Cash plaque with cobblestones, Savannah, GeorgiaDuring the Civil War, according to the 1866 Municipal Report issued by the mayor’s office, the ramps “were entirely destroyed and the material carried away and sunk in the obstructions” in the river. Rebuilding with new cobblestones and masonry, also by Cash, concluded a year later. All or parts of 13 streets in Savannah were paved with cobblestones before the ready supply diminished in the early 1880s following a new requirement for ballast to be unloaded outside the city.

The Chinese cobblestone may have been used as pavement in Savannah as early as 1843 or as late as 1880, gracing the bottom of Whitaker Street ramp, immediately east of what is now the Bohemian Hotel.

Around 2010, a public works crew repaired the ramp, which entailed removing the historic cobblestones and patching the roadway with concrete stamped with a cobblestone pattern. The Chinese cobblestone went missing, to the consternation of area historians, but was ultimately tracked down by City of Savannah archivist Luciana Spracher. She had the stone cleaned, documented and translated prior to placing it on display in a glass showcase in the City Hall council chamber. For the benefit of symposium attendees, the stone is on display in the City Hall first floor rotunda Feb. 4-6.


The Savannah Symposium: A look back

In February 1999, SCAD’s architectural history department sponsored the Savannah Symposium on the City Square, a three-day forum for scholarship and discussion about an important theme in architectural and urban history with direct relevance to the city of Savannah and contemporary practice in the building arts.

That symposium earned SCAD its first-ever outside humanities grant — from the Georgia Humanities Council and the Samuel Kress Foundation — and paved the way for many more grants and outside sponsorships to be awarded to the symposium series. That first year of success led to development of the symposium as a biennial event intended to stimulate interdisciplinary dialogue among scholars, urban designers, regional and local community leaders, faculty and students on a topic that has relevance to both historical and current affairs.

SCAD architectural history: The Savannah Symposium on the City Square, 1999The Savannah Symposium on the City Square

Feb. 25-27, 1999

Directed by David Gobel, Ph.D., and Robin Williams, Ph.D.

Keynote speakers:

  • Marvin Trachtenberg, professor of architecture, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University
  • Malcolm Bell III, archeologist, Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts
  • Carroll William Westfall, professor of architecture, University of Notre Dame
  • Robert Glover, director of urban design, City of Toronto
  • Stefanos Polyzoides, partner, Moule & Polyzoides Architects

Public life in America at the end of the second millennium seems to be characterized increasingly by its placelessness. Automobiles, shopping malls, cellular phones and cyberspace seem to be heralding the extinction of urban space. Some would argue that city squares have no place in contemporary urban design. But to declare the traditional city square — which has served as the heart of urban design since antiquity — as obsolete seems premature. A stroll through any of the 18th- or 19th-century public squares in Savannah provides ample evidence of the viability of the city square today.

SCAD architectural history: The 2nd Savannah Symposium: Authenticity in Architecture, 2001The 2nd Savannah Symposium: Authenticity in Architecture

Feb. 15-17, 2001

Directed by David Gobel, Ph.D., and Robin Williams, Ph.D.

Keynote speaker:
James Howard Kunstler, author of "The Geography of Nowhere"

Western society at the end of the 20th century is obsessed with authenticity. Ours is a “culture of authenticity,” according to Charles Taylor. “To thine own self be true” has become the motto of a society in search of the authentic self. It is not surprising, therefore, to hear authenticity as an incessant refrain applied to contemporary architectural criticism. In the architecture columns of The New York Times, The Boston Globe and the Los Angeles Times, authenticity has replaced the Vitruvian triad of firmness, commodity and delight as the primary standard of judgment. Likewise, when debates arise regarding the appropriateness of a modern versus a historical building design for a community, the question often becomes, “Which is more authentic?”

SCAD architectural history: 3rd Savannah Symposium: Commemoration and the City, 20033rd Savannah Symposium: Commemoration and the City

Feb. 20-22, 2003

Directed by David Gobel, Ph.D., and Daves Rossell, Ph.D.

Keynote speakers:

  • Catherine Bishir, senior architectural historian, Preservation North Carolina
  • David Lowenthal, professor emeritus, University College, London
  • Dell Upton, professor of architectural history, University of Virginia

Acts of commemoration are fundamental to human experience and fundamental to the act of building. In fact, it can be argued that the building of cities itself is a radically commemorative activity. “Come let us make a name for ourselves,” said the builders of Babel. Commemoration lies at the poetic, historiographic and social heart of human community. It is how societies define themselves. Individuals memorize, remember or ponder the past; communities commemorate. Collective memory is, however, an invitation to controversy and contention.

SCAD architectural history: 4th Savannah Symposium: Architecture and Regionalism, 20054th Savannah Symposium: Architecture and Regionalism

Feb. 24-26, 2005

Directed by Daves Rossell, Ph.D.; Thomas Gensheimer, Ph.D.; and Karl Schuler, Ph.D.

Keynote speakers:

  • Nezar AlSayyad, professor of architecture, planning, urban design and urban history, University of California, Berkeley
  • Henry Glassie, professor emeritus, Indiana University, Bloomington

We begin with the simple proposition that architecture is inevitably regional. While globalizing trends alter or create entirely new regions, regional identities remain. The symposium explored the ways in which regionalism has been — and continues to be — defined and redefined. How do regional spaces shape social identity? What constitutes a regional boundary in space or time? How have popular adoptions of regional form muddied the understanding of region? How have regional traditions of architecture and cultural landscape been interpreted by artists, authors and scholars?

SCAD architectural history: 5th Savannah Symposium: Building in the Public Realm, 20075th Savannah Symposium: Building in the Public Realm

Feb. 8-10, 2007

Directed by David Gobel, Ph.D., and Celeste Guichard, Ph.D.

Keynote speakers:

  • Tom Hanchett, staff historian, Levine Museum of the New South
  • Christopher Mead, dean of the College of Fine Arts, University of New Mexico
  • Jo Noero, architect, Johannesburg, South Africa

The theme for this symposium allowed consideration not only of the various manners in which architecture and space are and have been constructed for use outside of private contexts, but also of how various “publics” are formed, transformed, sustained and even elided through public buildings.

SCAD architectural history: 6th Savannah Symposium: World Heritage and National Registers in Perspective, 20096th Savannah Symposium: World Heritage and National Registers in Perspective

Feb. 19-21, 2009

Directed by Celeste Guichard, Ph.D. and Thomas Gensheimer, Ph.D.

Keynote speakers:

  • Zahi Hawass, Egyptologist, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, Egypt
  • Ronald Lewcock, international conservator, professor, University of Queensland
  • Harold Kalman, architectural historian, member of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada

The 2009 symposium explored the architectural and spatial elements of cultural properties on the World Heritage and National Register lists and topics related to heritage designations as a factor in furthering global and local study of the built environment. This focus, tailored in response to requests to include issues related to national registries, is supported by a Georgia Humanities Council grant.

 SCAD architectural history: 7th Savannah Symposium: The Spirituality of Place, 20117th Savannah Symposium: The Spirituality of Place

Feb. 17-19, 2011

Directed by Thomas Gensheimer, Ph.D. and Jeff Eley

Keynote speakers:

  • Kenneth Foote, professor of cultural and historical geography, University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Louis Nelson, associate professor of early American architecture, chair of the department of architectural history, University of Virginia

The 2011 symposium explored the role of spirituality as it relates to the development and shaping of architectural and urban forms. Paper sessions focused on the broadest context of spirituality as a significant factor in the study of the built environment globally, nationally and locally. Of particular interest were essays that provided a critical evaluation of the relationship or co-existence of sacred and secular spirituality in regard to the constructed world.

SCAD architectural history: 8th Savannah Symposium: Modernities Across Time and Space, 20138th Savannah Symposium: Modernities Across Time and Space

Feb. 7-9, 2013

Directed by Patrick Haughey, Ph.D. and Daves Rossell, Ph.D.

Keynote speakers:

  • Mark Jarzombek, professor of the history and theory of architecture, associate dean of the School of Architecture and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Dell Upton, professor of architectural history, University of California, Los Angeles

The art historian T. J. Clark spoke for many scholars when he declared modernity marked a special historical transition when “the pursuit of a projected future — of goods, pleasures, freedoms, forms of control over nature, or infinities of information” overcame tradition and ritual.

He distinguished the last 500 years against all previous time, and the West against the rest of the world. But such a bold assertion has opened itself to diverse interpretations. Is there a single modernity? If so, how was it created, disseminated and adopted? Or, alternately, are there actually multiple modernities? How can we appreciate the diversity of different cultures and different times?

The 8th Savannah Symposium featured 60 papers investigating modernity or modernities in the broadest and most critical terms. Studies addressed architecture, landscape and the imagined environment as well as empirical, methodological and theoretical approaches.


Register to attend the 9th Savannah Symposium

Register before Monday, Jan. 5 and receive the early bird rate. Discounted registration is also available for students and SCAD faculty members.

Register now

Hotel information

Need a place to stay in Savannah conveniently located near symposium events? Several local hotels are offering discounted rates for symposium attendees. Full details are below.

Hampton Inn and Suites Savannah Historic District
603 W. Oglethorpe Ave.
Group name: Savannah Symposium
Group code: SSS
Rate: $129/night, valid for bookings made on or before Jan. 5, 2015
Check in: Feb. 4, 2015 | Check out: Feb. 8, 2015

Embassy Suites
605 W. Oglethorpe Ave.
Group name: Savannah Symposium
Group code: SSS
Rate: $179/night, valid for bookings made on or before Jan. 5, 2015
Check in: Feb. 4, 2015 | Check out: Feb. 8, 2015

Springhill Suites Savannah Downtown/Historic District
150 Montgomery St.
Group name: SCAD
Rate: $134/night, valid for bookings made on or before Jan. 6, 2015